香港地區老年人開展健身活動的介紹 (英文)


"Resistace Training for the Elderly: trainability issue"

Abstract:
Lack of leg strength, high risks of fall and bone fracture are common threats to the elderly. Resistance training has long been ascribed to promote beneficial affects for the young especially to the muscle-skeletal system. In the elderly population, myth and stigma are often assoicated with resistance training emphasing the risk of possible injury and its contraindication to hemodynamic symptoms. Studies in Hong Kong indicated that even in active and health-conscious elderly, resistance training was often neglected and not included in their daily excercise routine. Anther study of the Hong Kong elderly also indicated that balance and agility performance was well below average compared to norms in Japan and USA.

 

A more underlying question in resistance training programs in the elderly is how well can they be trained, This trainability issue enable to assess whether the elderly benefits the same as in the young following training as wewll as to see if that outweighs the possible risks when engaging in resistance training. This paper is going to look into this issue from a number of aspects, namely gender, age, functional status, diseased conditions when compared to the young. Overall, the elderly noy only are found to be almost as trainable as the young with resisitance training but also can obtain additional benefits as in functional performance which are no appreciably visible in the young counterpart.

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