發展需求困境與收入差距的累積循環:一種內生機制

 

摘要:
本文區分了兩種類型的收入差距
“外生因素決定的收入差距”和“內生因素決定的收入差距”,並集中關注後者,亦即收入差距本身存在一種累積循環的內生機制,初始收入的不均等通過發展需求困境和社會階層分化最終將導致收入差距的惡性循環。縮小這種內生的收入差距的長效機制在於通過政府提供機芾 lJ 化的社會服務來降低發展成本,使最廣大社會群體都能公平享有發展需求和發展機會。

 

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