Health-related Quality of Life in Relation to Perceived Stress among Pregnant Chinese Women in Macao


The objective of this study was to identify the relationship between demographic, socioeconomic and obstetric variables and health-related quality of life, and perceived stress among pregnant Chinese women in Macao. A cross-sectional and exploratory quantitative study was conducted amony 434 women in the second trimester of pregnancy in a government hospital in Macao. Perceived stress was measured by the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and health-related quality of life was measured by the standard SF-12 Health Survey (SF-12). The results of multiple linear rergression analysis revealed that pregnant women who were single, divorced, separated or cohabitating (ß = 0.155, p<0.001), worked long hours (ß = 0.116, p<0.004) or had an unplanned pregnancy (ß = 0.102, p<0.004), fewer children (ß =-0.136, p>0.047) or poor physical (ß = -0.474, p<0.001) or mental (ß = -0.150, p<0.001) health-related quality of life had higher levels of perceived stress. The limitatons and implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed.


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