Health-related Quality of Life in Relation to Perceived Stress among Pregnant Chinese Women in Macao

 

Abstract:
The objective of this study was to identify the relationship between demographic, socioeconomic and obstetric variables and health-related quality of life, and perceived stress among pregnant Chinese women in Macao. A cross-sectional and exploratory quantitative study was conducted amony 434 women in the second trimester of pregnancy in a government hospital in Macao. Perceived stress was measured by the Perceived Stress Scale (PSS), and health-related quality of life was measured by the standard SF-12 Health Survey (SF-12). The results of multiple linear rergression analysis revealed that pregnant women who were single, divorced, separated or cohabitating (ß = 0.155, p<0.001), worked long hours (ß = 0.116, p<0.004) or had an unplanned pregnancy (ß = 0.102, p<0.004), fewer children (ß =-0.136, p>0.047) or poor physical (ß = -0.474, p<0.001) or mental (ß = -0.150, p<0.001) health-related quality of life had higher levels of perceived stress. The limitatons and implications of these findings and directions for future research are discussed.

 

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