The Effective Teacher: A Portrait


This paper presents a critical review of research on teaching effectiveness. In doing so, the review aims to paint a portrait of the archetypal expert teacher in which the nature and practice of teacher professionalism and teacher effectiveness are highlighted. I argue that teaching is a profession requiring an expert body of knowledge and that being a professional teacher is a multi-faceted endeavour requiring an extensive range of skills, attitudes, and moral values. The investigation of teaching effectiveness makes use of the Aristotelian heuristic of the Four Causes to provide a detailed analysis and description of teacher professionalism. The results indicate that being an expert and effective teacher involves four main requirements, namely, actions, thoughts and attitudes, moral character, and educational aims. The significance of the review also highlights the importance of the teacher training in professional development with a view to improving school learning outcomes.


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