澳門市售中成藥有機氯農藥殘留檢測

 

摘要:
由於有機氯農藥殘留量是藥品安全與出口檢測的重要指標,而中國還欠缺中成藥中有機氯農藥殘留的具體標準,所以有必要對其做出調查和研究。因此,在
2007 9 月至 2008 3 月期間,本文對澳門市面出售之 231 個中成藥樣品中的 20 種有機氯農藥殘留做出檢測和分析。通過用醋酸乙醋對樣品進行超聲提取,利用凝膠色譜柱進行色譜凈化,再利用弗羅里矽土固相萃取柱進行固相莘取,然後上 GC-ECD檢測,而樣品中測得的呈陽性農藥需以 GC-MSD 確證。結果發現, 21 個樣品檢出一種或以上有機氣農藥殘留,其檢出率為9 %。所檢測出的農藥種類主要有三類,包括五氯硝基苯類(五氯硝基苯 PCNB 、五氯苯膠 PCA 、甲基五氯苯硫醚PCTA ) ,其次為滴滴涕,第三類為六氯苯,而檢出濃度在 10-220 μg/kg之間。由此可見,部分澳門市售中成藥受到有機氯農藥的污染,促請澳門政府能對市售中成藥加強監管及定期抽查,從而促進港澳中成藥廠對其產品進行嚴格的品質控制;同時,建議內地和澳門的衛生部門制定中成藥中有機氯農藥殘留量的具體標準。

 

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