澳門博彩經營批給制度之反思

 

摘要:
澳門博彩批給制度的實質是專營制度,其特點是:限制賭牌數目,但不限制賭場數量;限制批給期限,期限屆滿後重新競投;賭牌的批給形式是行政合同,表示政府與博彩公司的關係是委託與被委託的關係。這個制度的歷史作用不容忽視,但也可能產生某些影響博彩市場發展的效果。限制賭牌數目可能導致其他有實力的公司無法進入澳門博彩市場,而已獲賭牌的博彩公司“擁牌自重”,在與政府的博弈中佔據較優勢的地位。限制批給期限容易使各方對博彩企業前景產生不穩定的預期,另一方面使已獲賭牌的公司佔據先機,使重新競投可能流於形式。與各博彩公司分別簽訂合同容易傷害政府的中立性,對澳門法治建設帶來不利影響。因此,澳門應當考慮放棄舊的博彩批給制度,代之以法制化建設為核心的新的博彩管理制度。

 

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