Factors Affecting Perceived Physical Health Among Pregnant Women in Macao, China

 

Abstract:
This study identifies the relationship of demographic, socioeconomic and obstetric variables and perceived stress to perceived physical health among pregnant Chinese women in Macao. A cross-sectional and exploratory quantitative study was carried out in an antenatal clinic of a university-affiliated regional public hospital in Macao among 717 pregnant women in the second trimester. The Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) and the standard SF-12 Health Survey (SF-12) were employed to measure perceived stress and perceived physical health. A multiple linear regression analysis revealed that Macao pregnant women with the following characteristics had better perceived physical health: (1) having secondary or lower education attainment (B=0.105, p=0.013), (2) having better interpersonal relationship with family members (B=0.108, p=0.014), (3) living in bigger residence size (B=0.085, p=0.041), (4) having no obstetric complications (B=0.085, p=0.026), and (5) perceiving lower stress level (B=-0.096, p=0.017).

 

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